Djibouti needs a Plan B for the post-Guelleh era

After Ethiopia and Eritrea fell out in 1998, Djibouti’s ports became landlocked Ethiopia's only outlet and a critical lifeline for exports...

July 2021 Employee of the Month: Abiy Ahmed

Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed inherited a state. He sacrificed it to the dream of an empire. On his current trajectory,...

Who’s running Haiti after president’s assassination? 5 questions answered

Patrick D Bellegarde-Smith, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Two men are vying to control Haiti after President Jovenel Moïse’s July...

Why is Delta such a worry? It’s more infectious, probably causes more severe disease,...

Michael Toole, Burnet Institute While Australians may be focused on the havoc the Delta variant is wreaking on our...

Somaliland: Leading by Example

There are no shortages of references, including academic research papers, how-to-books, or philosophical concepts describing the qualities of effective leadership; however,...

Reforming America’s Foreign Policy Towards Africa Through The Lenses Of Military, Trade, Diplomacy, And...

Executive Summary Since the beginning and the fall of communism, America’s foreign policy has been focusing a lot...

Kenya’s huge railway project is causing environmental damage. Here’s how

Tobias Nyumba, University of Nairobi Kenya is constructing a railway line that connects the coastal port of Mombasa...

Somaliland: Lost and found

Somaliland was amongst the seventeen African countries that attained their independence in 1960, “The Year of Africa.” A former Italian colony,...

The precarious fate of African footballers in Europe after their game ends

Christian Ungruhe, Erasmus University Rotterdam and Sine Agergaard, Aalborg University Think of your favourite former male football player...

Somaliland: From A Failed Union to A Thriving Democracy

The independence of British  Somaliland (north) came into being on 26 June 1960. Five days later, Italian Somaliland (south) attained independence. Both north and south merged for irredentism agenda – to unify five different Somali regions under one ethnic umbrella. The merger of the two territories faced legal obstruction. Both sides signed no identical unifying law. Italian Somaliland never passed an act of union drafted by British Somaliland. Instead, it passed a different act named Atto di Unione, which was substantially different from British Somaliland's original marriage act. According to Rajagopal and Carrol (1992), the act of union law did not have legal validity in southern Somalia, and the subsequent but different passed Atto de Unione was legally insufficient. Therefore, the declaration of independence was legally invalid.

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